Known for its flamingos and once dubbed "the cleanest town in East-Africa", Nakuru, Kenya has lost a lot of its past glory. Particular environmental concerns are caused by the inter-relation between Lake Nakuru National Park and the residential and industrial expansion. This situation is aggravated by the fallen standards of urban services, requiring a new approach towards urban planning and management. The local authority's civic attitude and its willingness to collaborate with community groups, NGOs and industrialists form a foundation which the Localising Agenda 21 Programme intends to strengthen and expand.
Nakuru town is located 160 km North west of Nairobi and is the fourth largest urban centre in Kenya after Nairobi, Mombassa and Kisumu. It is situated at an altitude of 1859m above the sea level and it is within the region of the Great Rift Valley whose formation gave rise to a unique natural structure. The town started as a railway station on Kenyan-Uganda railway at the turn of this century.